Ga naar de inhoud

ACP kwaad wegens bananen-besluit EU (17 juli)

Op 17 juli reageerden de ACP-landen op het besluit van de EU om de invoertarieven voor bananen uit Latijnsamerika te verlagen (zonder hen daarover te raadplegen). Deze stap zal een "dodelijke slag" betekenen voor bananenexporteurs uit de ACP-landen, en de ontwikkeling en de armoedebestrijding daar ernstig schaden.

4 min leestijd
Placeholder image
Hieronder achtereenvolgens de verklaringen van de EU (16 juli) en de ACP (17 juli):
The Doha Development Agenda
European Commission ready to accept Pascal Lamy's proposals on bananas, in order to make progress in 
Agriculture in the Doha trade talks
Brussels, 16 July 2008
The European Commission has today agreed to work for a comprehensive solution to resolve the long-
running banana dispute involving Latin American and African, Caribbean and Pacific Countries, on the basis 
of a 'good offices' proposal by WTO Director General Pascal Lamy.
Resolving the issue is necessary for a successful Doha world trade deal, because it is the key to the 
'tropical products' dossier in the agriculture negotiations. Given the impact, any deal should be put to the 
wider WTO membership EU Trade Commissioner Peter Mandelson said: "Resolving this long running 
problem must be part of a final Doha deal.
That means balancing the needs of two different sets of developing countries, while taking into account 
the interests of EU banana producers. Pascal Lamy's proposals have given us a basis to do that. I hope we 
can all work for a solution."
The banana question has divided Latin American countries and African, Caribbean and Pacific countries who 
want to preserve their preferential access to the EU market, which is in many cases the key to their 
competitiveness. All African Caribbean and Pacific banana producers have unlimited access to the EU 
markets under the terms of the Economic Partnership Agreements. A solution will have to balance the 
needs of these two sets of developing countries.
What Pascal Lamy has proposed:
A tariff of EUR116 per tonne - a big cut from the existing tariff of EUR176 per tonne;
Implementation until 2015 in order to allow ACP banana producers to adapt;
There will be an initial tariff cut of EUR26 per tonne in the first year, a further EUR9 cut per tonne in the 
second year and then a 5EUR cut in each remaining year to 2015;
Bananas will not be subject to additional cuts in the Doha round;
Both sides will agree a 'peace clause' which will commit them to not reopening the issue.
The European Commission has accepted this proposal as a basis for continued work towards a final 
agreement which will ultimately have to be approved by EU Member States. The EU is committed to working 
with both Latin American and ACP countries to find a workable solution for both sides. 
For more information please contact Peter POWER +32 498 980348
- - - - -
Brussels, 17 July 2008
ACP Press Release
On the basis of a "good offices" proposal, the Director-General of the World Trade
Organisation (WTO), Mr. Pascal LAMY, has proposed a compromise solution to the
banana dispute without however consulting the ACP Banana producer countries.
By sanctioning such unacceptable tariff cuts, this compromise solution puts the ACP
banana production in an irreversible jeopardy by giving undue advantage to the
Latin-American producers who already account for 80 % of the Community's banana
imports, to the detriment of the ACP and Community banana productions.
Should the proposed tariff cuts be applied as things actually stand, they would
deal a lethal blow to the ACP banana industry, and consequently, have an adverse
effect on the ACP economies, since this crop constitutes one of the major
instruments of development and a powerful factor in the regional integration
process and in their fight against poverty.
Under the present circumstances, this compromise solution would ruin all the ACP
countries' chances of participating actively in the multilateral trade system, as
strongly advocated by the multilateral financial institutions such as the IMF and
the World Bank.
The implementation of this proposal could only call back into question and make
redundant the ongoing Economic Partnership Agreements by prompting the ACP states to
question the purpose of the Doha Round.
The ACP countries feel that, purely legal considerations apart, it is imperative to
search for an equitable solution that takes account of the interests of all the
stake holders.